Thema: Landwirtschaft und Klimawandel (Freitag, 21. Sep 2012)
Crops and ANimals TOGETHER
Im Rahmen des europäischen Projektes CANTOGETHER sollen Umwelteffekte (Emmissionen klimarelevanter Gase, N-Auswaschungen) von Fruchtfolgesystemen (Ackerbau- versus Gemischt- bzw. Futterbaubetrieb) im Ökologischen Landbau analysiert werden.
- CANTOGETHER will design, test and assess innovating mixed farming systems, based on simultaneous utilization of crops and animals, anddemonstrate the relevance of mixed systems combining crops and animals to increase the sustainability of farms and regions.
- The Cantogether network of 24 experimental and commercial farms located in partner countries, works towards this goal by studying socio-economic, soil and climate diversity in Europe. Participating farms were chosen because they are already using innovative farming systems which combine crop and animal production to maximize efficiency and self-sufficiency by recycling all livestock manure, growing fodder crops or producing renewable energy
Lindhof fits perfectly into this farm network because it ranges at field scale over 3 independent crop rotations to demonstrate the benefits of mixed farming:
- an all arabe crop rotation without slurry
- a crop rotation based on monogastrics
- a crop rotation based on ruminants
To meet the constraints for scientific field studies Lindhof ranges over a randomised field experiment (split-plot design) with the following factors:
- Crop rotation based on ruminants
- Crop rotation based on monogastics
- All arable crop rotation (grain legumes istead of grass clover)
- Silage maize in monoculture
- New established permanent grassland on former arable land
- 240 kg N / ha as slurry
- no slurry (for compensation of slurry other plant nutrients but N are applied in mineral form)
- Replicates in a randomised split-plot design
- Biomass production
- Yields and Quality/ Nitrogen Output
- Crop residues (stubble / roots at a depth of 30 cm)
- Nitrogen input from the atmosphere via symbiotic Nitrogen fixation as well as via rain and dust
- Leaching of N (min and doN) as well as P and K estimated with ceramic suction cups
In chosen plots:
- Root growth (ingrowth core method)
- N2O emission
- CO2 balances
Lindhof as Case study of the EU –Project Cantogether
- decline in biodiversity,
- depletion of fossil fuels
- water shortages are creating numerous challenges for the agricultural sector in terms of:
- natural and non-renewable resource management (e.g. water, soil, air and phosphorus or fossil fuels)
- ecosystem services (e.g. pollination, natural pest control, soil fertility)
- The project was launched in 2012 to develop new farming systems which combine animal and plant production and which are designed to meet these challenges by balancing productivity with the sustainable management of energy, carbon and nutrients.
Aim of the project: CANTOGETHER will design, test and assess innovating mixed farming and territorial systems, based on the simultaneous utilization of crops and animals, and demonstrate the relevance of mixed systems combining crops and animals to increase the sustainability of farms and regions.
Six steps to reach the aims of the project
- Identification new combinations of agronomic and livestock practices (e.g. simultaneous utilization of cash, feed and energetic crops and various rearing animals, full recycling practices of animal wastes in view to ensure high resource-use efficiency, reduction in dependence on external inputs) at farm, district and landscape level
- Design of innovative mixed farming systems for different European contexts which will combine food (animal and plant), feed and energy production through diversified land use
- Testing of innovative combination of practices and new mixed farming systems in different systems at both farm and territorial level by using a pan European case-studies network
- Assessment the environmental, economic and social viability of the most promising innovative mixed strategies at farm and territorial levels in different systems across Europe
- Identification of farm business, farmers preference, food supply and legislation related issues influencing their implementation.
- Dissemination of innovations to key stakeholders through a participatory framework
Tools and methods
- Participatory approaches and focus groups
- Case study-based research
- System designing (RIO, Dexi)
- On-farm and on-district flux modelling (C, energy, biomass, food, feed, nutrients)
- Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) and economic analysis (FADN, case-study data)
- Multi-criteria analysis
Yes, we Cantogether!
Press release. 01/03/2012 © INRA/DELABY Luc
Climate change, the decline in biodiversity, depletion of fossil fuels and water shortages are creating numerous challenges for the agricultural sector in terms of competitiveness, natural and non-renewable resource management (e.g. water, earth, air, phosphorus and fossil fuels) and ecosystem services (e.g. pollination, natural pest control, soil fertility). Cantogether, a European project led by INRA with 27 academic and private partners, was launched on 29 February 2012 to develop new farming systems which combine animal and plant production and are designed to meet these challenges by balancing productivity with the sustainable management of energy, carbon and nutrients.
The world population is growing and more people are eating more animal products. This translates into steadily increasing demand for food and food production. How can these needs be met while preserving resources and protecting the environment? One solution under study is to limit the extreme specialization of farms and regions by promoting new systems and farming practices which combine animal and plant production.
Cantogether (Crops and ANimals Together), a network of 24 experimental and commercial farms located in partner countries, works towards this goal by studying socio-economic, soil and climate diversity in Europe. Participating farms are already using new farming systems which combine crop and animal production to maximize efficiency and self-sufficiency by recycling all livestock manure, growing fodder crops, producing renewable energy through the anaerobic digestion or growing of biomass, and by supporting dialogue between farms at the local/regional level.
These case studies will serve as examples for the development of innovative systems, test sites and feasibility studies. The project is based on a design/assessment/adjustment cycle to validate and improve the most innovative, promising systems identified by several European panels of researchers and professionals from the agricultural sector. Researchers will simultaneously evaluate the economic results, environmental impact and social dimension of each system. In addition to technical considerations, the project will focus on defining the terms of a common agricultural policy likely to support the development of these combined systems, which promote sustainability in agriculture and European producer regions.
Cantogether began operating on 1 January 2012. A launch symposium was held on 29 February, 1-2 March in Rennes, France. Cantogether operates on a budget of €4.1 million and has received €3 million in funding from the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7). Small- and medium-sized businesses taking part in the project will receive 25% of total funding.
Written by: INRA press service, Contacts: Philippe Leterme, Joint Research Unit for Soil, Agrohydrosystems and Spatial Modelling